After a brief introduction, organic chemistry in ionic liquids, perfluorocarbon solvents and supercritical carbon dioxide is studied in individual chapters. In each chapter, a historical background is given, followed by the state-of-the-art in current research. Brief experimental sections then provide illustrations of potential applications and some synthetic information. The book contains many useful tables of data; researchers in the area of fluorous chemistry will find the partition coefficient tables particularly handy.
However, as an introductory text to green reaction media, it falls short of its target. While the reader is promised sufficient information will be given to select the most appropriate reaction medium for a reaction, little comparison is actually made between the alternative solvents. While an expert in their respective field has written each chapter, a lack of continuity is evident throughout.
For example, the chapter on ionic liquids examines their future uses, but this discussion is omitted from subsequent chapters. Each chapter also provides a repetitive overview of why alternative solvents are necessary and important. In summary, this book adds little to the literature already available discussing green reaction media. While the summarised data and impressive reference lists will be useful for specialist users, the interested non-specialist would be better off choosing a more comparative and cohesive text with a broader overview of the uses of green solvents.
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Topics Arts Books Culture and people. Related Articles. The results reported in this article proved that this biphasic system allows the recycling of the metal catalyst, reducing the costs and decreasing the amount of catalyst needed per mole of product. Secondly, the use of water as green solvent is also highlighted in this Special Issue by two different contributions.
In this sense, Stavber et al. Interestingly, the efficiency of the reaction was increased when water was used as solvent, thus disclosing a new example of an accelerated organic reaction in aqueous media. In a review article, Santi and co-workers discuss the use of water as a natural and environmentally-friendly reaction media to perform organoselenium chemistry, putting the focus on the use of this medium to i accomplish the recyclability of the system; ii control the selectivity of the process; and iii enhance the reaction rate [ 17 ].
Special Issue: “Organic Reactions in Green Solvents”
Finally, Eldeab et al. Moreover, the authors described the antimicrobial activity of all synthesized compounds against a panel of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains. In summary, the collection of original research and review articles included in this themed issue offer a broad view of the state-of-the-art in Organic Reactions in Green Solvents , highlighting the enormous scope for advancement and application in this field.
To conclude, we would like to express our gratitude to all the authors for their enthusiastic response to this Special Issue and for their outstanding contributions. Last but not least, we would also like to acknowledge the excellent work of all the anonymous reviewers and the staff from the Editorial Office of Molecules , who were exceptionally helpful during the production of this Special Issue.
An Overview of Green Solvents in Sustainable Organic Synthesis
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Molecules v. Published online Nov Derek J. McPhee, Academic Editor. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Nov 3; Accepted Nov 9. Abstract To overcome the well-established drawbacks of conventional organic solvents toxicity, non-biodegradability, flammability, accumulation in the atmosphere remarkable research efforts have been recently devoted to the replacement of traditional organic reaction media by the so-called Green Solvents.
Keywords: bio-based solvents, water, deep eutectic solvents, ionic liquids, green organic synthesis.
References 1. Dach R. Process Res.
Clark J. Green chemistry: challenges and opportunities.
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The atom economy--a search for synthetic efficiency. Rothenberg G. Catalysis: Concepts and Green Applications. KGaA; Weinheim, Germany: Lam F.
Catalysis at room temperature: perspectives for future green chemical processes. Anastas P. Green Chemistry Theory and Practice. Reichardt C.